US crude oil pipeline projects: Kinder Morgan starts Sweeny lateral
Oil pipelines in the United States are undergoing ahistoric realignment in response to new production in the Eagle Ford developmentin south-central Texas, redevelopment of older production in the Permian Basinand new flows of oil from the Midwest and Canada that have oversupplied Midwestmarkets. Kinder Morgan Energy Partners recently started up a 27-mile lateralfrom its Kinder Morgan Crude & Condensate (KMCC) pipeline to Phillips 66's247,000 barrels-per-day (bpd) refinery in Sweeny, Texas, to transport up to100,000 bpd of Eagle Ford crude. The line's initial capacity was 30,000 bpd andwas later expanded. However, some projects don't move forward. Koch Pipeline Co LP confirmedthis week that the company is no longer pursuing a plan to build a 250,000 bpdpipeline from North Dakota to Illinois to move Bakken crude to oil markets,including the U.S. Gulf Coast. The company did not explain its decision to drop the project, but it's thesecond sizeable Bakken pipeline to be shelved. ONEOK Partners LP inNovember 2012 abandoned a 200,000 bpd pipeline to move Bakken crude to the U.Scrude futures hub in Cushing, Oklahoma, on a lack of shipper interest. Bakken producers and shippers have instead relied largely on rail to movecrude, largely to the East and West coasts, and demand for Bakken in the Gulfmarket is waning as pipeline startups increasingly move light crudes to theregion from Texas and Cushing. Here is an updated list of 48 projects under way: ------------- IN SERVICE ------------- PROJECT: Gulf Coast Pipeline Project (southern leg of Keystone XL) OPERATOR: TransCanada Corp ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 487-mile, 36-inch pipeline from Cushing, Oklahoma, toNederland, Texas; 48-mile lateral pipeline to Houston. CAPACITY: Initial capacity of 700,000 bpd, expandable to 830,000 bpd COST: $2.3 billion STARTUP: Linefill began in December 2013, startup on Jan. 22, 2014. PROJECT: Seaway pipeline reversal OPERATOR: Enterprise Product Partners and Enbridge Inc ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Cushing, Oklahoma, to Houston, Texas COST: $300 million for initial reversal, $2 billion for final expansion withnew parallel loop pipeline. CAPACITY: 150,000 bpd initially, with first expansion to 400,000 bpd inJanuary 2013 and further expansion to 850,000 bpd. STARTUP: First crude began flowing from Cushing on May 19, 2012; Firstexpansion started up Jan. 11, 2013; next expansion to start up by mid-2014. PROJECT: Kinder Morgan Crude & Condensate (KMCC) pipeline and condensateprocessing facility in Eagle Ford. OPERATOR: Kinder Morgan Energy Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Eagle Ford shale formation to a processing facility inGalena Park, Texas, with access to the Houston Ship Channel CAPACITY: Pipeline can carry about 300,000 bpd of both Eagle Ford shalecrude and condensate in 65 miles of newly built pipe and 113 miles of aconverted natural gas pipeline. Facility will process 100,000 bpd of Eagle Fordcondensate (expandable to 150,000) and provide 1.9 million barrels of storagecapacity. Pipeline expansions will connect its DeWitt County station to its Helenastation in Karnes County (30 miles) and to the Gonzales Station (15 miles). A27-mile, 100,000 bpd lateral connects to Phillips 66's 247,000 bpdrefinery in Sweeny, Texas, including truck offloading capability in Dewitt andfour storage tanks in Wharton County with 480,000 barrels of capacity. A 10-mileline will connect KMCC with the Double Eagle system. STARTUP: Pipeline started up June 14, 2012; Sweeny Lateral started Jan 2014.Helena extension to start Aug 2014. Gonzales extension to start 1Q 2015. DoubleEagle connection to start 1Q 2015. Galena Park facility July 2014 (50,000 bpd),Q1 2015 (100,000 bpd) COST: Pipeline $225 million; processing facility $360 million; Sweeny $100million; Helena $110 million; Gonzales $75 million; Double Eagle connection $45million. PROJECT: Double Eagle Pipeline OPERATOR: 50-50 joint venture of Magellan Midstream Partners and KinderMorgan Energy Partners. ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Connects to 50-mile, 14- and 16-inch existing pipelineowned by Kinder, enabling delivery of Eagle Ford condensate to Magellan's marineand storage terminal in Corpus Christi from Three Rivers, Texas. Total projectincludes 140 miles of new 12-inch pipeline connecting to the existing line. Willbuild new 10-mile pipeline to connect Double Eagle with Kinder Morgan's KMCC. CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd initially, expandable to 150,000 bpd COST: $150 million STARTUP: In May 2013 pipeline started moving condensate from Three Rivers tothe Corpus terminal; announced Aug. 29 that the 85-mile western leg of theproject from Gardendale in LaSalle County, Texas, to Three Rivers started up.New 10-mile connector and storage to be complete in early 2015. PROJECT: Enterprise Crude Houston Oil (ECHO) Terminal and Houston areapipelines OPERATOR: Enterprise Products Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Houston Ship Channel area CAPACITY: Expansion approved to push storage capacity at the ECHO andBertron facilities to more than 6 million barrels, with access to Enterprise'smarine terminal at Morgan's Point on the Houston Ship Channel, and to be linkedby pipeline to the Eagle Ford shale to the west. Expansion includes 55 miles of24- and 36-inch pipeline to connect the terminal with major refineries in thesoutheast Texas market with an aggregate capacity of about 3.6 million barrelsper day, including plants in Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur and Texas City. COST: n/a STARTUP: Initial phase with 750,000 barrels of storage capacity complete inNovember 2012; expansion to be completed in phases, with 900,000 barrels ofstorage added in the first quarter 2014 and fully built out by early 2015. PROJECT: South Texas Crude Oil Pipeline system OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 110-mile, 12-inch and 8-inch pipeline from Frio, LaSalleand McMullen counties NuStar's 600,000-barrel storage terminal at Oakville inLive Oak County; then transports Eagle Ford crude to NuStar's 1.6 million-barrelCorpus Christi North Beach terminal via an existing 16-inch pipeline. COST: Part of NuStar's $325 million acquisition of TexStar MidstreamServices LP's 140 miles of Eagle Ford crude pipeline and gathering lines, and643,400 barrels of storage assets; $65 million to $85 million to integrate andcomplete gathering and terminal assets. CAPACITY: 100,000 bpd of crude and condensates. STARTUP: 2013 PROJECT: Longhorn Pipeline reversal OPERATOR: Magellan Midstream Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Reversed flow of Crane-to-Houston segment of LonghornPipeline, which had carried refined products from Houston to El Paso, Texas, andconverted the line to transport crude; Announced Oct. 7 will build a new originat Barnhart, Texas, about 75 miles east of Crane. CAPACITY: 225,000 bpd in 2013; Will expand capacity by 50,000 bpd to275,000. COST: $375 million for first phase; $55 million for expansion; $25 millionfor new origin. STARTUP: Started in mid-April and ramped up to an average of 90,000 bpd inthe second quarter; finished work to reach 225,000 bpd capacity in mid-Octoberand expect 190,000 bpd in the fourth quarter 2013; expand by 50,000 by mid-2014;new Barnhart origin to start up in early 2015. PROJECT: Houma-to-Houston pipeline reversal OPERATOR: Shell Pipeline LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Houma, Louisiana, to Houston, Texas; reversal will runfrom Houston to Houma. Phase I delivers crude from connecting pipelines andterminals in Houston to Nederland and Port Arthur; Phase II extends reversal tomove crude from Texas to Houma, St. James and Clovelly, Louisiana. Phase IIIexpansion to add pumping capability to the Texas-only portion and Phase IVexpansion to add pumping capability to the Nederland to Houma segment. CAPACITY: Texas segment with Phase III expansion, 250,000 bpd; Texas toHouma segment with Phase IV expansion, 375,000 bpd; Houma to Clovelly 500,000bpd; Houma to St. James, 300,000 bpd. COST: $100 million STARTUP: Phase I operational; Phase II Texas-to-Louisiana segmentsoperational and linefill commenced ahead of mid-December startup; Phase III andIV early 2014. PROJECT: Bakken Access Program OPERATOR: Enbridge Inc ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Western North Dakota. Includes adding 26 miles of16-inch pipeline between Enbridge stations in Beaver Lodge near Tioga, NorthDakota, and Stanley; 29 miles of new 16-inch pipeline between Stanley andBerthold terminal; and expansion of Berthold with rail loading capability thatcan handle three unit trains at a time. CAPACITY ADDED: 145,500 bpd pipeline capacity, additional 80,000 bpd of railexport capacity for a total of 120,000 bpd. COST: $560 million for pipeline; $145 million for rail STARTUP: March 2013 PROJECT: Toledo Pipeline (Line 79) Expansion OPERATOR: Enbridge Inc ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Stockbridge, Michigan, to Toledo, Ohio CAPACITY: Increased to 180,000 bpd from 100,000 bpd COST: $197.57 million STARTUP: May 2013 PROJECT: Pecos River Pipeline OPERATOR: Blueknight Energy Partners LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Pecos, Texas, to Crane, Texas, where a 16-inch, 36-mileline connects to Magellan Midstream Partners' reversed Longhorn pipeline to movePermian Basin crude oil to the Gulf Coast; a 29-mile extension will gather crudein Reeves, Culberson, Pecos and Ward counties. CAPACITY: 150,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: The 36-mile line started up Sept. 17, 2013; 30-mile extensionstartup pushed to first quarter 2014 from fourth quarter 2013; may extendpipeline by 10 miles into New Mexico. ------------------------------------------ PARTIALLY IN SERVICE OR NEARING COMPLETION ------------------------------------------ PROJECT: West Texas crude system OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Three different projects to bring Permian basin crude toGulf Coast market. West Texas to Houston line - 40,000 bpd, expandable to 44,000bpd, will carry West Texas Sour and West Texas Intermediate at Midland; WestTexas to Longview Access - 30,000 bpd, to carry Permian crudes to the Mid-Valleypipeline to the Midwest; West Texas to Nederland Access - 40,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: West Texas to Houston and West Texas to Longview operational; WestTexas to Nederland delayed by Exxon Mobil Corp's shutdown of its Pegasuscrude oil pipeline that carries heavy Canadian crude to Texas from Illinois. TheSunoco line is connected to the Exxon line, which shut in late March when itspilled 5,000 barrels into an Arkansas housing subdivision. Sunoco is awaitingword from Exxon on restart. PROJECT: Permian Express, Phase I OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Wichita Falls, Texas to Nederland, Texas CAPACITY: Initial capacity will be 90,000 bpd, expected to reach 150,000bpd. COST: n/a STARTUP: Initial 90,000 bpd reached in June 2013, up to 150,000 bpd in late2013 or early 2014. PROJECT: Eagle Ford Pipeline OPERATOR: Plains All American ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 140-mile crude line and condensate from Eagle Fordproduction in Gardendale, Texas, to refineries in Three Rivers and CorpusChristi; and a 35-mile segment from Three Rivers to Enterprise ProductsPartners' Lyssy station in Wilson County. On Sept 19, 2013, announced expansionproject with additional pumping capacity and looping some segments ofoperational system. CAPACITY: 350,000 bpd take-away from western Eagle Ford to Three Rivers andCorpus Christi, plus a marine terminal facility at Corpus Christi and 1.8million barrels of operational storage capacity across the system. Expansionwill increase takeaway capacity to 470,000 bpd and add 2.3 million barrels ofstorage capacity in Gardendale, Tilden and Corpus Christi. COST: n/a; expansion $120 million STARTUP: 140-mile pipeline operational; Corpus Christi dock and Lyssyextension in service in September 2013; expansion to start up in second quarter2015. PROJECT: Gardendale Gathering System expansion OPERATOR: Plains All American ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Four crude oil gathering pipelines, a total of 90 milesin length, extending from Dimmitt and La Salle counties to Plains' GardendaleTerminal in South Texas. Will connect at Gardendale to long-haul pipelines thatdeliver crude to refineries in Three Rivers, Corpus Christi and the Houstonarea. Project includes construction of new Eagle Ford condensate stabilizationfacility adjacent to Gardendale terminal. Also a new 40-mile Gulf Coast crudeoil pipeline originating from Plains' Ten Mile terminal in Mobile, Alabama. CAPACITY: 115,000 bpd of incremental gathering capacity; condensate facility80,000 bpd. COST: $190 million for all three projects STARTUP: Gardendale expansion completed in stages from autumn 2012 throughthe first half of 2013; 40,000 bpd of condensate facility started end 2012,second half in first quarter 2013; 40-mile Gulf Coast line to Alabama in-servicedate pushed to the first half of 2014 from fourth quarter 2013. PROJECT: Permian Basin Expansion Projects OPERATOR: Plains All American ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Various links extending, expanding crude oil lines inPermian Basin, West Texas. CAPACITY: 145 miles of expansions of existing system to add total of 150,000bpd in capacity in Texas, plus projects in southeast New Mexico COST: $250 million START-UP: Late 2012 through 2013 PROJECT: Mississippian Lime pipeline OPERATOR: Plains All American ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 135-mile pipeline from Alfalfa County near Alva,Oklahoma, to Plains' storage facility at the U.S. crude futures hub in Cushing,Oklahoma; 55-mile extension will bring move crude to Alfalfa County fromComanche County, Kansas; additional 45 miles of new pipeline will extendinfrastructure into Logan Cvounty and further into Grant County, Okla.; Adding150,000 barrels of new tankage. CAPACITY: 175,000 bpd for the 135-mile line; 75,000 bpd for the 55-mileline. COST: n/a STARTUP: Larger line started up Aug. 1; extension to have partial service infourth quarter 2013, full service by the end of the first quarter 2014. PROJECT: White Cliffs Pipeline OPERATOR: SemGroup Corp ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 527-mile, 12-inch crude oil pipeline from Platteville,Colorado, to Cushing, Oklahoma. Expansion looping the existing pipeline underconstruction. CAPACITY: Initially 30,000 bpd, expanded to 70,000 bpd; to be expandedfurther by 80,000 bpd for a total of 150,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: 70,000 bpd operational, expansion to start up in the first half of2014. ----------------------------- UNDER CONSTRUCTION OR PLANNED ----------------------------- PROJECT: South Texas Crude Oil pipeline expansion OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Will originate at a 100,000-barrel terminal NuStar willbuild near Pawnee in Karnes County, Texas, and will connect to NuStar's existing12-inch pipeline system between Pettus and Three Rivers. Also will connectexisting 12-inch pipeline to NuStar's Oakville terminal for crude delivery tothe NuStar North Beach terminal. Crude to be transported to Corpus Christi viaexisting 16-inch pipeline and via new systems to be built to Corpus refineries.Project also includes truck-receiving facilities at the Pawnee and Oakvilleterminals and a new ship dock in Corpus. CAPACITY: Currently 100,000 bpd, expansion will double capacity to 200,000bpd for the entire system. COST: $100 million to $120 million STARTUP: New dock in service second quarter 2014; Phase 1, 35,000 bpd, inservice third quarter 2014; Phase II, 65,000 bpd, in service first quarter 2015. PROJECT: Western Oklahoma Extension OPERATOR: Plains All American ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 95-mile extension of Plains' Oklahoma pipeline systemfrom Orion, Oklahoma to Reydon, Oklahoma at the western state line; will provideaccess to the Granite Wash and Cleveland sands oil plays in western Oklahoma andthe Texas Panhandle. CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: End first quarter 2014 PROJECT: Allegheny Access Pipeline OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midwest to eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania. CAPACITY: Initially 85,000 bpd, expandable to 110,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: First half of 2014. PROJECT: BridgeTex Pipeline OPERATOR: Occidental Petroleum Corp and Magellan Midstream Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 450-mile pipeline from Colorado City in the PermianBasin to Houston-area refineries, with access to Texas City and the Houston ShipChannel; project includes construction of 1.2 million barrels of crude storagein Colorado City and 1.4 million barrels of storage in east Houston. CAPACITY: 300,000 bpd COST: $1 billion; $600 million from Magellan, $400 million from Occidental STARTUP: July 2014, construction under way. The partners may conduct anotheropen season "in the near future" to gauge shipper interest, as capacity isavailable. PROJECT: Flanagan South Pipeline OPERATOR: Enbridge ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 600-mile Flanagan terminal at Pontiac, Ill., to CushingOkla; route follows Enbridge's Spearhead CAPACITY: 600,000 bpd COST: $2.6 billion STARTUP: Mid-summer 2014 PROJECT: Galena Park to Houston Gulf Coast crude distribution OPERATOR: Magellan Midstream Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Pipeline and terminal system at Galena Park, Texas, todeliver crude from Magellan's pipeline system Houston and Texas City refineries. CAPACITY: n/a COST: $50 million STARTUP: Mid-2014 PROJECT: Eaglebine Express OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Proposal to reverse an underused refined productspipeline to move crude oil from the Eaglebine and Woodbine shale plays to SunocoLogistics' 22 million-barrel storage hub in Nederland, Texas CAPACITY: n/a COST: n/a STARTUP: Open season successful; could start up by mid-2014. PROJECT: Pony Express Pipeline OPERATOR: Tallgrass Development LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 430-mile converted natural gas pipeline and 260-mile newpipeline to carry North Dakota Bakken crude from Guernsey, Wyoming, to Cushing,Oklahoma CAPACITY: 230,000 to 320,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: Construction complete autumn 2013; full startup August 2014. PROJECT: Cline Shale Pipeline System OPERATOR: Centurion Pipeline, subsidiary of Occidental Petroleum ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Irion, Sterling, Tom Green and Mitchell Counties in WestTexas to Centurion's existing Colorado City, Texas, station. 100 miles of newpipeline and several origination stations, each able to receive crude via truckor pipeline. CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: Open season successful, startup in second quarter 2014 PROJECT: Granite Wash Extension Pipeline OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Wheeler County Texas in the Texas Panhandle to Ringgold,Texas north of Fort Worth along the state line; will include about 200 miles ofnew pipeline, pump stations, tankage and truck unloading facilities to transportGranit Wash shale oil output to Sunoco and third-party pipelines that transportcrude to refineries in the Midcontinent and on the U.S. Gulf Coast. CAPACITY: 70,000 bpd initially. COST: N/A STARTUP: Open season successful; startup slated for fourth quarter 2014. PROJECT: Big Spring Gateway OPERATOR: Navigator Energy Services LLC, managed by Tenaska CapitalManagement ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 190 miles of new crude oil gathering and transmissionpipelines in Howard, Martin, Mitchell, Borden and Glasscock counties in thePermian Basin in West Texas that connect to Big Spring and then to ColoradoCity. From there crude can move on third-party systems to the Texas Gulf Coastand Longview, Texas. CAPACITY: 75,000 bpd. COST: N/A STARTUP: Fourth quarter 2014 PROJECT: Permian Basin projects OPERATOR: Plains All American ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Three new pipelines and added pumping capacity to anexisting pipeline. First, 80-mile, 20-inch new pipeline between Midland andColorado City, Texas to connect carriers at Colorado City, including theBridgeTex pipeline; second, 62-mile, 16- and 20-inch pipeline from the southernMidland Basin in Reagan and Upton counties to the origin of Plains' Cactuspipeline at McCamey, Texas; third, additional pumping capacity to an existing20-inch pipeline from Jal, New Mexico, to Wink, Texas; and fourth, a new40-mile, 12-inch pipeline from Monohans to Crane, Texas, to supply volumes toMagellan's Longhorn pipeline as well as Cactus. CAPACITY: 80-mile pipeline, 250,000 bpd; 62-mile pipeline, 200,000 bpd; NewMexico to Wink pipeline, capacity increased to 240,000 bpd from 140,000 bpd;40-mile pipeline, 100,000 bpd. COST: $400 million to $500 million STARTUP: In stages throughout 2014 and 2015 PROJECT: Eastern Gulf Crude Access Pipeline (formerly Trunkline Conversion) OPERATOR: Energy Transfer Partners LP, 50/50 partner with Enbridge ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Will convert and reverse a 30-inch natural gas pipelineto carry Bakken and Canadian crude from Patoka, Illinois to Boyce, Louisiana,for refinery markets along the Mississippi River and the Louisiana Gulf Coast.Pipeline spans 574 miles of converted natural gas pipeline and includes about 40miles of new 30-inch pipeline from the Patoka hub to the northern end of theconverted trunkline; results of open season ended Sept. 30 prompted company toshelve plan to build 160 miles of new 30-inch pipeline from Boyce to the St.James, Louisiana, oil hub for lack of shipper interest. Still underconsideration are other lateral connections for deliveries to refineries. CAPACITY: 420,000 bpd COST: $1.5 billion STARTUP: Late 2014 to early 2015; previous estimates had targeted startupfor 2015. PROJECT: Cactus pipeline OPERATOR: Plains All American ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 20-inch crude pipeline from McCarney Texas toGardendale, Texas CAPACITY: Initially 200,000 bpd; adding pumping capacity to expand to250,000 bpd. COST: $350 million to $375 million for initial capacity; expansion part of$400 million to $500 million investment in expansion as well as three other newPermian Basin pipelines. STARTUP: Construction to start in first quarter 2014; startup in firstquarter of 2015 PROJECT: Phase II Permian Express OPERATOR: Sunoco Logistics Partners ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midland, Garden City and Colorado City in West Texas,connecting to Sunoco and other pipelines that provide access to various marketsand refineries in the Midcontinent and on the U.S. Gulf Coast. CAPACITY: 200,000 bpd COST: N/A STARTUP: Expected to be operational in second quarter 2015. PROJECT: Silver Eagle Pipeline OPERATOR: Blueknight Energy ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 150- to 200-mile pipeline from the Woodbine andEaglebine plays in east Texas to the Houston market; Had been consideringreactivating 200 miles of existing 10- and 12-inch Silverado crude oil pipelinesbetween Longview, Texas, and Houston, but now considering building a newpipeline as shippers more interested in moving crude from the east Texas playsthan from Longview to Houston. If use Silverado assets, would be "limited use." CAPACITY: n/a COST: n/a STARTUP: Expect to approve project by end 2013; potential startup bymid-2015. PROJECT: Westward Ho OPERATOR: Shell Pipeline ORIGIN/DESTINATION: St. James, Louisiana to Houston CAPACITY: Initially 300,000 bpd, expandable to 900,000 bpd depending onshipper interest. COST: n/a STARTUP: Third quarter 2015 pending regulatory approvals. PROJECT: Southern Access Extension OPERATOR: Enbridge ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 165-mile pipeline connecting Flanagan terminal nearPontiac, Illinois to Patoka, Illinois oil hub CAPACITY: 300,000 bpd COST: $800 million STARTUP: Mid-2015; evaluating results of open season ended Sept. 30. PROJECT: U.S. Mainline/Line 62 Expansion OPERATOR: Enbridge ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Flanagan, Illinois to Griffith, Indiana CAPACITY: 130,000 bpd to 235,000 bpd COST: $500 million STARTUP: Mid-2015 PROJECT: Keystone XL, northern leg OPERATOR: TransCanada ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Nebraska CAPACITY: 1,179-mile, 36-inch pipeline to be able to move 830,000 bpd;awaiting presidential permit from the U.S. State Department, ruling expected byspring 2014. COST: $5.3 billion STARTUP: Two years after construction permits awarded. PROJECT: U.S. Mainline/ Line 61 Expansion ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Superior, Wisconsin, to Flanagan, Illinois CAPACITY: 400,000 bpd to 560,000 bpd COST: $1.3 billion STARTUP: Mid-2015-early 2016 PROJECT: Sandpiper Pipeline OPERATOR: Enbridge. Marathon Petroleum Corp has agreed to be themain shipper. ORIGIN/DESTINATION: A 24-inch pipeline running 375 miles from Beaver Lodge,close to Tioga, North Dakota, through the Bakken shale region to Clearbrook,Minnesota. Then a 30-inch pipeline running 233 miles to Superior, Wisconsin. CAPACITY: 225,000 bpd from Beaver Lodge to Clearbrook. 375,000 bpd fromClearbrook to Superior. COST: $2.6 billion. Marathon will pay 37.5 percent of the project's cost inexchange for a 27 percent interest in the Enbridge's North Dakota pipelinesystem which will have a capacity of 580,000 bpd when the project is completed. STARTUP: Early 2016. An open season will take place between Nov 26 and Jan24. PROJECT: Eastern Access/Line 6B Expansion OPERATOR: Enbridge ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Griffith, Indiana to Sarnia, Ontario CAPACITY: 231,000 bpd to 491,000 bpd COST: $400 million STARTUP: Early 2016 PROJECT: Southern Trails Pipeline conversion OPRATOR: Questar Pipeline ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 485 miles from San Juan Basin in New Mexico to SouthernCalifornia near Essex, California; west section runs 96 miles from Whitewater,California to a crude oil terminal Long Beach. 485-mile section currently in usefor natural gas, but volumes are low. CAPACITY: 120,000 bpd COST: n/a STARTUP: 2016, pending results of review through mid-2013 PROJECT: Cornerstone Pipeline OPERATOR: MPLX LP subsidiary of Marathon Petroleum Corp ORIGIN/DESTINATION: 49-mile condensate pipeline to Marathon Petroleum's78,000 bpd refinery in Canton, Ohio, from Carroll and Harrison counties in thesoutheast part of the state. CAPACITY: 25,000 bpd COST: $140 million STARTUP: Evaluating right-of-way options, construction targeted to startearly 2016 with startup by the end of that year. ----------- CANCELLED ----------- PROJECT: Dakota Express Pipeline OPERATOR: Koch Pipeline LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Williston Basin, western North Dakota, to Hartford,Illinois and Patoka, Illinois. Koch also will explore a connection at Patoka toEnergy Transfer Partners' joint-venture Eastern Gulf Crude Access Pipeline,which would be able to move Bakken and Canadian heavy crude to U.S. Gulf Coastrefineries. CAPACITY: 250,000 barrels per day initially COST: N/A STARTUP: Was 2016, depending on shipper interest. In June Koch announced a45-day, non-binding open season in July, to be followed by a binding open seasonif warranted. In January 2014 a Koch spokesman said, without explanation, thatthe company was no longer pursuing the project. PROJECT: Freedom Pipeline OPERATOR: Kinder Morgan ORIGIN/DESTINATION: Midland and Wink Texas in the Permian Basin to LosAngeles, Barstow and Emidio, California. Project includes conversion of 740miles of existing natural gas pipeline to move crude, 22 miles of new pipelinefor interconnections in California, and 200 miles of new pipeline between Winkand El Paso, Texas; also construction of tank facilities in Texas and deliverypoints in California. CAPACITY: Initially 277,000 bpd, expandable to 400,000 bpd COST: $2 billion STARTUP: Would have started up in the fourth quarter of 2014, but canceledon May 31 after open season ending May 30 failed to solicit sufficient shipperinterest. PROJECT: Niobrara Falls Project OPERATOR: NuStar Energy LP ORIGIN/DESTINATION: New crude oil pipelines from gathering locations in theNiobrara shale near Platteville and Watkins, Colorado, to a tie-in point onNuStar's existing refined products pipeline that runs from McKee, Texas toDenver. The products line will be reversed and converted to carry crude fromDenver to McKee, and then connected with NuStar's 14-inch Wichita Falls-to-McKeecrude line, which also will be reversed to move oil to Wichita Falls from McKee. CAPACITY: 70,000 to 75,000 bpd for Colorado, 125,000 to 130,000 bpd forWichita Falls. COST: n/a STARTUP: Had been planned for 2013 and early 2014, but project canceled onlack of shipper interest; could be revisited as Niobrara production increasesover the next two years.