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BNSF’s track violations: Feds have found 721 of them on BNSF tracks in North Dakota since 2006

WASHINGTON — Federal inspectors have issued more than 700 violations to BNSF Railway in the past eight years for defects on its tracks in North Dakota, according to a letter from the Federal Railroad Administration.

Those 721 violations came about from 3,822 FRA inspections across the state since 2006, which discovered a total of about 13,141 defects on BNSF’s network.

The letter, written by FRA Administrator Joseph Szabo to Sen. Heidi Heitkamp, D-N.D., does not specify the extent of the violations or the severity of any defects.

Heitkamp requested more information about inspections around the site of the fiery train crash near Casselton in late December after media reports said that the accident was the fourth derailment in the area in less than a decade.

In Cass County alone, FRA inspectors have performed an average of 24 inspections a year on BNSF’s railroad operations, Szabo wrote. The FRA inspected railroad switches, which move trains from one set of tracks to another, three times a year. Three of the four derailments reported in Casselton since 2004 occurred within a few hundred yards of a switch.

“Over the past seven years, FRA audits have yielded a defect rate of less than 1 defect per mile, per year for the 2,300 miles of BNSF track in North Dakota,” the company said in a statement.

On Dec. 30, an eastbound train hauling Bakken crude collided with a derailed soybean train heading west just outside of Casselton, igniting the oil and sparking a push to address new and old rail safety concerns.

“It is good to know there have been routine inspections in Cass County, but it is clear that the Casselton area is in need of increased attention considering the number of derailments around the same area,” Heitkamp said in a news release. “Folks who live near these tracks have been through a lot, and deserve to know that the rails are under close examination and that FRA is doing everything to make sure North Dakotans aren’t at risk.”

Heitkamp said she is renewing her call for more detailed information on the number of inspections performed around Casselton.

The FRA previously committed to sending a high-tech inspection device, part of its Automated Track Inspection Program, to survey tracks around Casselton for flaws later this year. In its last run through the region in July 2013, one of the automated inspection vehicles discovered 11 possible issues between Dilworth, Minn., and Mandan, N.D.

The inspection figures are in addition to the reviews railroad companies are required by federal law to conduct on their own tracks. On the main freight railroads crossing through North Dakota, that means twice-weekly inspections.

BNSF officials say they perform four inspections per week on their tracks in the region. In their statement, the company said they will spend record amounts on track maintenance and improvements in 2014.

Federal lawmakers and regulators have honed in on inspection frequency as a concern after a year marked by several fiery accidents and continued growth in crude-by-rail shipments.

Last November, rail shipped 71 percent — nearly 800,000 barrels of oil a day — of the Bakken basin’s oil, according to estimates from the North Dakota Pipeline Authority. The state’s top oil regulator has guessed 90 percent of Bakken crude will move by rail in 2014.

Kyle Potter
Kyle Potter is an enterprise reporter at the Forum. He came to Fargo-Moorhead in May 2013 after stints at the Associated Press, the Las Vegas Review-Journal, the St. Paul Pioneer Press and the Minnesota Daily. 
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