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Use research-tested canning methods, recipes

The key to canning food safely is using the right equipment.

JSSP NDSU Extension

Despite the drought, some gardens are producing quite well this year. You may be thinking about canning some of that produce so you can enjoy it this winter.

The key to canning food safely is using the right equipment.

With the rise in popularity of electric multifunction cookers, some may be tempted to try canning or steam canning in these appliances. However, some devices may not process the food properly.

In general, the water-bath canning devices from well-known canning manufacturers are safe when used according to the directions. However, the "automatic canning machines" that allow you to can salsa, spaghetti sauce and a few other foods with a touch of a button only can be used safely with the formulations provided in the instruction booklet. You cannot use other recipes in these devices.

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Overall, your safest option is to use research-tested canning methods and equipment.

Improper canning can lead to the growth of bacteria and the production of toxins that may cause botulism, a potentially deadly form of food poisoning. Unfortunately, you won’t know whether foods contain the botulism toxin because the foods won’t necessarily have an unusual taste or appearance.

You basically have two types of canning methods: water-bath and pressure canning. Which one you use depends on the acidity of the food or mixture of foods you plan to can. Low-acid foods must be processed in a pressure canner.

All fresh vegetables except for most tomatoes are low-acid foods. Most mixtures of low-acid and acidic foods also are low-acid products unless their recipes include enough lemon juice, citric acid or vinegar to make them acidic foods. Using a pressure canner allows the mixture to reach a higher temperature than a boiling water-bath canner.

The temperature is important, according to the National Center for Home Food Preservation. The temperature in the canner must stay at the proper level for the entire processing time.

Here are some guidelines for canning produce safely:

  • * Use research-tested recipes and don’t alter ingredient proportions. If you create your own salsa recipe, for instance, and want to preserve it, freezing it is the safest option.
  • Acidify tomatoes with bottled lemon juice or citric acid prior to canning. The recommended amount is 1 tablespoon of bottled lemon juice per pint of tomatoes or 2 tablespoons per quart.
  • Use Mason-type canning jars of the size the recipe recommends for the specific food you’re canning.
  • After filling jars with food, release air bubbles by inserting a flat plastic (not metal) spatula between the food and the inside surface of the jar. Slowly turn the jar and move the spatula up and down to allow air bubbles to escape.
  • Use self-sealing lids that consist of a flat lid and a screw band. Tighten the screw band “finger-tip tight.”
  • Get the gauge on your pressure canner tested for accuracy before using it each year.
  • Process the filled jars for the proper time and pressure for your altitude.
  • Remove the screw bands and test the seals after cooling jars for 12 to 24 hours.

For more information, contact Christina Rittenbach at (701) 252-9030 or christina.rittenbach@ndsu.edu

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