Mourning shooting victims, Charleston anguishes over 'freshness of death'

CHARLESTON, South Carolina -- Hundreds of people packed a sweltering Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston for an emotional memorial service on Sunday just days after a gunman, identified by authorities as a 21-year-old white m...

CHARLESTONSouth Carolina -- Hundreds of people packed a sweltering  Emanuel African Methodist  Episcopal Church in  Charleston  for an emotional memorial service on Sunday just days after a gunman, identified by authorities as a 21-year-old white man, shot dead nine black church members. "We are reminded this morning about the freshness of death that comes like a thief in the night," the Reverend Norvel Goff told a mostly black congregation that swelled to about 400 people for a service remembering those killed on Wednesday in the latest U.S. mass shooting.

Armed police searched bags at the door of the church, home to the oldest African-American congregation in the southern  United States , and officers stood at intervals inside the church along the side of the nave and in the gallery.

Outside the church, a large, mostly white crowd gathered to express solidarity with those inside.

Goff's rollicking sermon brought people alternately to tears and laughter as the church reopened to worshippers for the first time since the shooting. They whooped, cheered and raised their hands, and ended the service with embraces after Goff, whose voice rose to a shout at times, encouraged them to "hug three people next to you and tell them, 'It's going to be all right.'"

The suspect,  Dylann Roof , was arrested on Thursday and has been charged with nine counts of murder. Authorities say he spent an hour in an evening Bible study group at the church, nicknamed "Mother Emanuel" for its key role in U.S. black history, before opening fire.


Federal investigators were examining a racist manifesto on a website that appeared to have been written by Roof. The site featured white supremacist writings and photos, apparently of Roof.

Goff was standing in for  Clementa Pinckney , 41, senior pastor at Emanuel and a Democratic member of the state  Senate  who was killed in the massacre.

"When evil is in the world, you and I may not be able to control evil-doers. ... Some of us are still trying to seek answers to what happened last week, Wednesday," Goff said. "I've decided to turn it to over to Jesus."

Among those at the service, which lasted more than two hours, were  South Carolina  Gov.  Nikki Haley , U.S. Sen.  Tim ScottCharleston  Mayor  Joseph Riley  and Republican presidential candidate  Rick Santorum .

"The blood of the Mother Emanuel Nine requires us to work until not only justice in this case but for those who are still living in the margin of life, those who are less fortunate than ourselves, that we stay on the battlefield until there is no more fight to be fought," Goff said.

Hand fans fluttered in the church as those in attendance tried to beat the heat.

The massacre has again trained a spotlight on the divisive issues of race relations and gun crime in the  United States  and reignited a debate over gun control in a country where the right to own firearms is constitutionally protected.



Riley, on the CNN program " State of the Union ," called for stricter gun control laws.

"It is insane the number of guns and the ease of getting guns in  America ," Riley said. "It's not that people should not carry guns and all of that, it's just that there are so many of them and the ease of them and there is no accountability."

President  Barack Obama , in an interview recorded on Friday, expressed frustration over the issue. He blamed the powerful  National Rifle Association  gun-rights lobby group and public apathy for the failure to implement new gun control measures.

The church massacre has also renewed the controversy around the flag of the pro-slavery Confederate Southern states in the American Civil War that ended in 1865. It is a symbol of Southern pride for some and an emblem of hatred for others.

On NBC's " Meet the Press ,"  James Clyburn , a black U.S. congressman from  South Carolina , called on state lawmakers to pass legislation to remove the flag from the state capitol grounds, where it is mandated by law to fly.

Cornell Brooks , who heads the NAACP civil rights group, told CBS's " Face the Nation ," "That flag represents exclusion, it represents bigotry, it represents bias. ... It has to come down."

The church shootings were the main topic at other Sunday services in  Charleston , sometimes dubbed "The Holy City" because of its multitude of historic churches. Church bells rang throughout the city in honor of the shooting victims.

At the predominantly white-membership St. Michael's Church, founded in the 17th century, the Reverend Alfred Zadig  Jr. said he did not know any of the victims and asked for forgiveness "for failing to be a pastor who reaches out beyond my world."


"You and I are so good at compartmentalizing grief,"  Zadig  told his congregation. "Today I'm asking you to feel the unthinkable pain ... This is not God's will. God did not ordain this event to happen to make a point about racism." 

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